12 March 2019

The EU-Indonesia trade deal CEPA (Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement) is currently being discussed in Brussels. Indonesian negotiators are hoping to sell their favourite good to Europeans: palm oil. A commodity smeared with controversy, as it causes labour violations, deforestation or climate change.

18 February 2019

On 21st February, the European Council has decided on the adoption of two mandates to allow the EU Commission to start negotiating a trade deal with the United States. Over 100 global and European civil society groups demand EU Member States to reject this deal as it endangers the climate and is not in line with the Paris agreement.

15 October 2018

The European Union and its Member States are important actors when it comes to shaping globalisation.

25 September 2018

The ‘Manifesto for a Sustainable Europe for its Citizens’ sets out a future of Europe based on core ethical values and sustainable development: democracy and transparency, social and environmental justice, human rights, the rule of law, equality, and solidarity. It states that European policies, rules and standards should that do what they were intended for: protect and safeguard well-being and health, ensure safety and freedom for people and protection of the climate and the environment, and serve present and future generations in and outside Europe.

21 September 2018

On 21 September 2017, the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) with Canada entered into force provisionally and was applied to 90%.


The CETA controversy has led the European Commission to rebrand the undemocratic ISDS tribunals (Investor-State Dispute Settlement) as ICS (Investment Court System). However, the changes are minor and only procedural while the main points of criticism against ISDS have not been addressed.

10 July 2018

From 9 to 13 July, the 5th round of negotiations between Indonesia and the EU for a free trade agreement are taking place. The fact that there was no public announcement of the round highlights the lack of transparency surrounding the negotiations.
To see if this trade deal would support a fair economy, Friends of the Earth Europe did a sustainability check of the draft texts the EU has published. The agreement scores only 4.5 out of 20 points - a clear fail.

The main findings are:

12 April 2018

Recently Europe has seen unprecedented opposition to free trade agreements such as TTIP and CETA. Central to these protests were concerns that these new trade and investment agreements would have harmful impacts on food quality, consumers’ rights, farmers, producers’ income, as well as wider negative impacts on jobs and working conditions in the food sector.

9 April 2018

Many rules governing trade and investment today hinder efforts to achieve more sustainable economies. We urgently need a new trade regime which can help address global challenges and tackle problems like accelerating climate change, a broken agricultural model and loss of trust in democratic processes, rather than aggravating them. In this unprecedentedly comprehensive paper, Friends of the Earth Europe is presenting concrete proposals for an innovative trade agenda that serves citizens and the environment.

24 November 2017

Ten reasons why the EU’s proposal for a Multilateral Investment Court doesn’t fix a fundamentally flawed system

The European Commission is planning to establish a so-called Multilateral Investment Court (MIC), a new international court where corporations can sue governments for laws and regulations that harm their profits.

24 November 2017

At the beginning of 2017 the European Commission conducted a public consultation on the proposed Multilateral Investment Court (MIC). This briefing scrutnises the public consultation and finds that the scope, questions and methodology were highly inadequate and prevented a broad range of stakeholders from expressing their views and that the Commission misrepresented the consultation results, alleging much higher support for the MIC than was actually provided by respondents.

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